Khamenei regime’s survival leans on executions as a tool to suppress the society and lengthen the life of this theocratic dictatorship.
October 10, 2021
A Report on Executions in Iran from October 2020 to October 2021 “On the occasion of October 10, World Day Against the Death Penalty
The use of the death penalty is a tool to suppress society and violate fundamental human rights, and we must work hard to abolish it in our country, Iran.
According to Article 6 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, “The right to life is one of the inherent rights of human beings. This right must be protected by law. No one can be arbitrarily deprived of life.”
October 10 is World Day Against the Death Penalty. In 2002, several international human rights organizations, including Amnesty International and The Global Solidarity Against the Death Penalty, declared October 10 as “World Day Against the Death Penalty” to recognize the basic rights of citizens by governments.
As human civilization has progressed and has the public awareness and ongoing struggles against this primitive method of punishment, the United Nations adopted two resolutions in 2007 and 2008 as a prelude to the abolition of executions in the General Assembly. The United Nations has called on countries to abolish the death penalty. Many countries have abolished the punishment and a number of other countries have stopped executing it. But in Iran, under the rule of Velayat-e-Faqih, executions are systematically used to create fear in society.
The Republic of Executions!
30 executions in 20 days! Thirty executions in 20 days are a part of the crime committed by the Velayat-e-Faqih government, which, like leeches, nourish from people’s blood.
Al-Watan newspaper in Bahrain, in an article titled “Republic of Executions”, wrote: “Since the beginning of this year and in a continuous attempt to silence dissent in the “Republic of Executions”, the execution process in Iran has not stopped. Fearing the escalation of popular protests over repression, poverty and coronavirus, the Regime in Tehran is using repression and torture as a policy of creating fear and horror, including 30 executions in 20 days
(December 13, 2020- January 3, 2021):
December 13-20, 2020: 12 executions,
December 26, 2020: 4 executions; 3 in Zahedan Prison, one in Qom Central prison
December 27, 2020: 2 executions; one in Sanandaj Prison, one in Ardebil Central Prison
December 30, 2020: one execution in Sanandaj Prison
December 31, 2020: 4 executions; one in Rasht Prison, 3 in Mashhad Vakilabad Prison
January 2, 2021: 4 strong group execution in Ahvaz Sepidar Prison
January 3, 2021: 3 executions in Zahedan Prison
(Al-Watan Daily, Bahrain- January 31, 2021)
Eu – Priority with human rights even during the “Coronavirus pandemic”
While the coronavirus has attacked and claimed countless lives around the world, the European Union defined its priority on February 22, 2021, protecting and respecting human rights, democracy and the rule of law, and uniting in support of the UN human rights system as a cornerstone of its foreign actions.
Amnesty International – Iran ranks second in executions
In its annual report on executions worldwide in 2020, Amnesty International said that Iran, with 246 executions [as of April 2021], accounted for half of all recorded executions during the past year and ranked second in the world. Noting that 16 women were among the total executed, the organization added that Iran had the highest number of executions for women, with nine. (Amnesty International website, April 21, 2021).
Amnesty International: Iran has the highest number of women’s executions with 9 cases
Iran, unfelling repression of dissidents
In its 31st edition of its World Report, the 2021 Annual Report, published in 761 pages, Human Rights Watch reviewed human rights practices in more than 100 countries.
In its 2021 World Report on Iran, Human Rights Watch said, “The Iranian authorities imposed strict controls on peaceful activism throughout 2020, and dozens of human rights defenders, lawyers, activists, and members of ethnic and religious minorities are serving unfair prison sentences for peaceful dissent.” “As the country struggles to control the COVID-19 outbreak, judicial and security authorities have excluded dozens of human rights defenders and political prisoners from the policy of prison leave which aims at the reduction of population in prisons.” “Despite the numerous geopolitical, health, and economic crises facing the country, the Iranian authorities treat local civil society as their number one threat and do not accept responsibility for the abuses,” said Michael Page, Deputy Middle East Director at Human Rights Watch. He added that “the authorities are merely provoking dissent and frustration by cracking down on human rights defenders and other activists” (Human Rights Watch website, January 13, 2021).
Executions in Iran, Generalities
According to reports and news from reliable sources, from October 2020 to October 2021, at least 314 executions were carried out in various Iranian prisons. Of course, it is clear that due to the secret executions and the lack of news in the media, the number of executions in the Prisons of the Islamic Republic under Khamenei’s dictatorship should be more than that. Of the 314 prisoners executed, 13 political prisoners were taken to the gallows. It is worth noting that the number of executions between October 2019 and October 2020 was 308
Figure of executions
314 executions in one year is the statistics of executions.
The statistics of 314 executions separated out by men and women, political prisoners, and child offenders are as follows:
Number of men executed for social crimes such as murder, narcotics, etc.: 283
Number of women executed for social crimes: 12
Child Offender: 5 men and 1 woman
Political Prisoner: 13
Location of executions
The executions were carried out in prisons in 25 provinces, including Isfahan, West Azerbaijan, Kerman, Kermanshah, Khuzestan, Sistan and Baluchestan, Alborz, Yazd, and Khorasan Razavi.
Political prisoners executed
The prisoners who were arrested on political charges such as “Moharebeh” (enmity with God) and then sentenced to death are as:
- Rohollah Zam: He was executed in an unknown location on December 12, 2020 in Tehran on charges of corruption on Earth.
- Hamid Mirbaluchzehi: He was executed at Zahedan Central Prison on December 26, 2020 on the charge of Moharebeh.
- Hamid Rustbala: Vakilabad Prison in Mashhad, was executed on the charge of Moharebeh on December 31, 2020.
- Kajir Saadat: Vakilabad Prison in Mashhad, was executed on the charge of Moharebeh on December 31, 2020.
- Mohammad-Ali Arayesh: Vakilabad Prison in Mashhad, was executed on the charge of Moharebeh on December 31, 2020.
- Hassan Dehvari: He was executed on charge of Moharebeh in Zahedan Central Prison on January 3, 2021.
- Elias Qalandarzi: He was executed on charge of Moharebeh in Zahedan Central Prison on January 3, 2021.
- Ali Motiri: He was executed on the charge of Moharebeh in Sheiban prison on January 28, 2021. He was a boxer and, along with political prisoners Jassem Heidari, Ali Khasraji, Hossein Sailavi, and Ali Majdam, had been on hunger strike since January 23, 2021, by sewing their lips to protest the ban on visitations, mistreatment by prison officials and gurads, as well as protesting the death sentence.
- Javed Dehghan Khalad: He was executed at Zahedan Central Prison on the charge of Moharebeh on January 30, 2021.
- Jassem Heidari: He was executed on charge of Moharebeh in Sheiban prison on February 28, 2021.
- Hossein Sailavi: He was executed on charge of Moharebeh in Sheiban prison on February 28, 2021.
- Ali Khasraji: He was executed on charge of Moharebeh in Sheiban prison on February 28, 2021.
- Nasser Khafajiyan: He was executed on charge of Moharebeh in Sheiban prison on February 28, 2021.
Execution of a child offender
Between October 2020 and October 2021, a total of six juvenile offenders have been executed, with names and details of:
- Abdollah Mohammadi: He was executed at Yazd Central Prison on December 2, 2020.
- Mohammad Hassan Reza’i: He was executed at Rasht Central Prison on December 31, 2020.
- A woman- She was executed at Sanandaj Central Prison on January 27, 2021. She was probably child offender.
- Baha’uddin Qasemzadeh: He was executed at Orumieh Central Prison with his brother, who had a spinal cord amputation, on July 4, 2021.
- Ebrahim Shahbakhsh: After six years of confinement on drug charges, Ebrahim Shahbakhsh was executed on July 25, 2021.
- Sajjad Sanjari: In Kermanshah Central Prison, he was secretly executed on August 2, 2021, without his family’s knowledge.
Execution of women
Women’s suppression and their humiliation and insults on the streets by the regime’s agents and Basij forces being institutionalized, has hurt the hearts and souls of Iranian women for more than 40 years.
Of course, women have resisted this repression under the name of religion against Khomeini and Khamenei.
- Razieh: She was executed at Mashhad Central Prison on October 11, 2020. She was executed for the murder of two of his children. Razia killed her two children under immense pressure of poverty, and then cut her vein in her wrist, but survived.
- A woman: She was executed at Sepidar Prison in Ahvaz on December 14, 2020. She made a living through nursing patients. She was the nurse of a patient who died of an unspecified cause. However, after the patient’s death, she was arrested and sentenced to death for murder.
- Zeinab Khodamoradi: She was executed at Sanandaj Central Prison on December 27, 2020. She had a mental illness.
- A woman: She was executed on February 8, 2021, for murder at Ardebil Central Prison.
- Zahra Esmaili: Was executed on February 17, 2021, for murder at Rajai Shahr Prison. She was sentenced to death for the murder of her husband, who was an intelligence officer. Her husband was murdered by her daughter, but Zahra Esmaeili took the murder upon herself to save her daughter from execution. Zahra Esmaeili had a heart attack and died at the site of the execution in response to the execution of the other prisoners who were with her, but prison officials hanged her lifeless body none the less.
- Maryam (Masoumeh) Karimi: She was executed on March 13, 2021, for murder at Rasht Central Prison.
- Nafiseh Pakmehr: She was executed for murder in Tayebad Prison on March 14, 2021.
- Kobra Fatemi: The 41-year-old was executed at Yazd Central Prison on May 23, 2021, on charge of murder and at the insistence of her husband’s uncle, who was a member of IRGC (the husband).
- A woman: She was executed at Qazvin Central Prison on drug charges along with her husband after eight years in prison on May 30, 2021.
- Three women were executed at Rajai Shahr Prison on charges of murder on September 8, 2021.
Amnesty International: Execution of Women in Iran Despicable and Cruel
On the eve of “World Day Against the Death Penalty”, Amnesty International called the death sentence as an additional burden on women, and called the death penalty as “abhorrent and outrageous”.
In its report referring to Zeinab Sekanvand’s execution in Iran, Amnesty International wrote that at the age of 17, she was arrested “on charges of murdering her husband” and was executed in October 2018, even though she had committed a crime as a teenager.
Amnesty International added, “The Iranian regime is among the few countries in which the death penalty for juveniles continues to be issued”, “the Iranian regime has accounted for half of all recorded executions in the world last year with 246 death sentences” (Amnesty International website, October 8, 2021).
Amnesty International: More than half of the world’s executions have been carried out in Iran
Iran- A cry against execution
A powerful call of the Iranian people’s demand against death penalty has been formed in recent years. Awaken consciences against executions in Iran are well aware that the cause of many social crimes in Iran leading to execution is due to a corrupt and criminal regime that plunders the wealth of the Iranian people with its various agents and mercenaries such as the IRGC, plainclothes, basij, etc. In order to continue this plundering, it sheds people’s blood so that no voice would rise to protest.
In the stature of their nationwide protests in 2017 and 2019, the Iranian people have given a clear response to the reactionary system by chanting “Death to the principle of Velayat-e-Faqih”, “Death to Khamenei” and “Death to the dictator.”
The Human Rights Center of “No to Prison, No to Execution”, calls for the establishment of and international committee on executions in Iran. Executions in Iran involve the highest authorities of this dictatorship. They must be brought to justice.